Traumatic Brain Injury

Your brain is the most vital organ in your body. It's responsible for basic functions like eating, breathing, and sleeping. Your brain also makes you feel alive. It connects you with the world emotionally and physically. Everything you touch, smell, taste, see and hear happens in part because of your brain. It helps you think, problem-solve, talk with your friends, and hug your children.

However, this essential organ is very fragile. It has the consistency of gelatin. Fortunately, our skulls protect it most of the time. But what happens when your brain is damaged in a car accident or during a fall at the grocery store? A traumatic brain injury (TBI) may occur.

A TBI is a serious and sometimes life-threatening injury that impacts over 1.7 million Americans every year. In fact, about 150 people die from TBI-related complications every day in the United States.

When your brain is damaged, you experience both physical and emotional deficits.  You not only have to recover physically—you also have to recover emotionally. You may never be the same person as you were before sustaining a traumatic brain injury.

TBIs are like broken bones – they can happen by accident or they can occur due to someone else’s negligence. If you believe another party is responsible for your brain injury, you have a right to hold them accountable in the Illinois court system. Our brain injury attorneys may be able to assist you. We help real people recover emotionally and financially after a brain trauma injury. Let us help you get the compensation you deserve.

If you’d like to learn more about TBIs, keep reading. In this article, we’ll discuss the following topics:

  • What is a traumatic brain injury?
  • What causes traumatic brain injuries?
  • What are common symptoms of brain trauma?
  • What types of injuries are associated with brain trauma?
  • What are my treatment options for TBI?
  • What can a TBI lawyer do for me?

Schedule Your Free Consultation with a Head Injury Lawyer Today

If you or someone you love is suffering from a traumatic brain injury, there is hope. Our head injury lawyers can help you hold any negligent party accountable in the Illinois court system. The court system exists to compensate people like you when bad things happen to them.

Contact Shannon Law Group, P.C. today for a free, no-obligation consultation. Call us 24/7/365 at (312) 578-9501 or fill out the form below to get started. We look forward to speaking with you!

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Traumatic Brain Injury FAQs

What is a Tramuatic Brain injury (TBI)?

TBI DiagnosisAccording to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC), a traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a disruption in the normal function of the brain as a result of head trauma. A blow, bump or jolt to the head, or a penetrating head injury, often cause TBI-related injuries.

Car accidents, falls, and severe sports injuries account for most TBI-related injuries. However, any instance that involves a head injury has the potential to cause a traumatic brain injury.

Symptoms of Brain Trauma to Watch Out For

Brain Injury SymptomsTraumatic brain injury symptoms vary depending on the severity of the injury. There are also TBI signs you’ll notice immediately, while other long-term symptoms go unnoticed for months. If your loved one recently sustained a TBI, watch out for these symptoms:

Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Symptoms

Also known as concussions, mild traumatic brain injuries may affect your brain temporarily. According to the Mayo Clinic, they can cause the following symptoms in children and adults. These symptoms may show immediately or weeks later after a traumatic event like a car accident.

  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Fatigue or drowsiness
  • Dizziness or loss of balance
  • Problems with speech
  • Blurred vision, ringing in the ears, a bad taste in the mouth, or changes in smell
  • Sensitivity to light or sound
  • Loss of consciousness for a few seconds to a few minutes; or no loss of consciousness but the patient is in a state of confusion or disorientation
  • Memory or concentration problems
  • Mood changes or mood swings
  • Feeling depressed or anxious after the injury
  • Sudden difficulty sleeping or sleeping more than usual

Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Symptoms

Serious traumatic brain injuries often cause long-term complications or death. This brain trauma may result in bleeding, bruising, torn tissues, or other physical damage to the brain.

When the brain undergoes severe damage, the effects are often life-altering. Sometimes, the victim becomes a different person. They’re not the same as they were before the traumatic event.

TBI patients may experience debilitating physical, emotional, and physiological symptoms, including:

  • Loss of consciousness from several minutes to hours.
  • Persistent headache or migraine.
  • Repeated nausea or vomiting
  • Convulsions or seizures
  • Inability to awaken from sleep
  • Weakness or numbness in fingers or toes
  • Dilation of one or both eye pupils
  • Clear fluids draining from the nose or ears
  • Loss of coordination
  • Slurred speech
  • Coma
  • Agitation, combativeness, or other unusual behavior
  • Profound confusion

If your loved one is showing any of the above symptoms after a head injury, seek medical treatment immediately. As we’ve mentioned, traumatic brain injuries often cause lasting and sometimes irreversible damage.

What causes traumatic brain injuries?

Traumatic Brain Injury AccidentTraumatic brain injuries occur when your head is bumped, slammed, or jolted against another object. The impact causes your brain to move around in your skull, which results in mild to permanent damage. TBIs can also happen if an object like a bullet penetrates your brain.

Any event that causes a head injury may cause a traumatic brain injury. Some people sustain head injuries, and it’s no one’s fault. Other times, a person, business, or government body is responsible. In these situations, you may be able to file a civil lawsuit against the at-fault party for compensation for your damages.

According to the Centers for Disease Control, adults over the age of 75, children younger than four, and young adults between the ages of 15 and 24 are most at risk for a traumatic brain injury.

As personal injury lawyers, we’ve represented people who were hit by a semi-truck or fell in a nursing home. Afterward, they developed symptoms of a traumatic brain injury.

At Shannon Law Group, P.C., we’ve seen the following events cause permanent brain injuries.

Falls in Nursing Homes

It’s a fact: In 2014, falls accounted for almost half of all TBI-related injuries in the United States. Some of these brain injuries happened at nursing homes and long-term care facilities. About 1,800 nursing home residents die every year due to fall-related injuries. The ones that do survive have to undergo surgery and rehabilitation.

These falls are often preventable if employees properly care for residents under their supervision. Many residents are at-risk for falls. The nursing home must prevent this from happening at all costs. If they fail to implement the proper precautions, and the resident suffers a head injury, the resident’s family can file a lawsuit against the nursing home.

Motor Vehicle Accidents

It’s no surprise that auto accidents contributed to 13 percent of all TBI-related emergency room visits in 2014. When two cars collide, our bodies absorb the force of the impact. This force can cause the brain to hit the sides of the skull, resulting in a traumatic brain injury.

When a pedestrian, bicyclist, or motorcyclist is involved in an accident, they’re at a higher risk of getting a TBI because their body absorbs most of the impact when a vehicle strikes them.

Birth Injuries Caused by Medical Malpractice

Every year, thousands of children are born with brain injuries because doctors and medical professionals made mistakes during the birthing process. The damage is often permanent, leaving the child disabled for the rest of their lifetime. Birth injuries like cerebral palsy are sometimes caused by a TBI.

Workplace Accidents

When you think of TBIs, you may think of football players or car accidents. But they happen at work, too. Traumatic brain injuries are one of the most common and costly work injuries. According to a report from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), an alarmingly high number of workers sustain TBIs while on the job every year. From 2003 to 2010, about 25 percent of all construction worker deaths were caused by brain injuries.


What Can a TBI Lawyer Do for Me? 

TBI LawyerIf you or someone you loved sustain a traumatic brain injury, our attorneys understand what you’re going through. While we can’t undo the wrong that was done, we can fight on your behalf in the Illinois court system. Our traumatic brain injury lawyers make a difference in the lives of real people like you. How? By helping them recover emotionally and financially after a serious head injury.

We will help you recover any and all damages you’ve sustained as a result of your traumatic brain injury. This includes both economic and non-economic losses.  Economic damages are easy to calculate, such as medical bills or lost wages. Non-economic damages are subjective, and they’re awarded in a jury trial. How much should you be compensated if you endure depression and anxiety every day due to your brain injury? That’s non-economic damage.

We promise that if you hire us to represent you, our lawyers won’t stop until we hold every single responsible party accountable for their actions. We’ll immediately investigate your case and file it in the proper venue, so your rights to compensation are preserved. We’ve found that the best way to get our clients the compensation they deserve is to file their cases in the court system. If the defendant doesn’t offer a fair settlement for your brain injury, our team is prepared to try your case in front of a jury.

Lastly, our attorneys and staff will keep you up-to-date all the time. We hold ourselves to high standards at Shannon Law Group, P.C.  You’ll never go months without hearing from us, unlike some high-volume firms.

We would be honored to speak with you about your TBI case. Call us now at (312) 578-9501 to schedule your free consultation.

What types of injuries are linked to brain trauma?

Brain Trauma InjuriesTrauma can lead to serious physical injuries in the brain. These injuries can have lasting side effects, and they are often associated with a TBI diagnosis.


A contusion in the brain is a bruise to the organ itself. A contusion may cause bleeding and swelling inside the brain around the area where the head was injured. Most patients with bruising to the brain have a head injury with a loss of consciousness. Swelling typically develops around contusions within 48-72 hours after the traumatic event. In extreme cases, the patient may undergo surgery to remove the cerebral contusion.


A concussion is a traumatic injury to the head. Patients with concussions rarely lose consciousness, though. This injury impacts your brain function temporarily, and its symptoms last for a few days to a few months.  It can cause headaches and problems with memory, concentration, balance, and coordination. Most people make a full recovery. However, concussions can result in conditions like post-traumatic headaches, vertigo, or post-concussion syndrome.

Diffuse axonal injury (DAI)

Diffuse axonal injury is a type of traumatic brain injury. According to John Hopkins Medicine,  DAI is the tearing of the brain’s long connecting nerve fibers called axons. This type of head injury occurs when the brain shifts and rotates inside the skull upon impact. As a result, the axons tear, and the brain is damaged. DAI may result in the patient being comatose. Several other parts of their brain may be damaged as well.

Coup contrecoup injury

When your head strikes a fixed object, you may sustain two head injuries: one under the site of impact (coup injury) and one on the opposite side of the area that was struck (contrecoup injury). When these injuries happen at the same time, it’s called a coup contrecoup brain injury. This shaking of the brain due to the impact can cause contusions, hematomas, and diffuse axonal injuries.

Penetrating Brain Injury

A penetrating brain injury is serious and life-threatening. As the name suggests, it happens when an object enters the skull and pierces the brain. These types of brain injuries often occur due to gunshots, auto accidents, falls, sports injuries, and more.

Hematoma (Blood Clot)

This injury happens when blood pools within the skull. There are three types of hematomas. A clot that forms between the skull and the brain is called an epidural hematoma, while a clot that gathers between the dura and the brain is called a subdural hematoma. Lastly, a clot that forms deep within the brain tissue is called an intracerebral hematoma.  It’s commonly caused by brain trauma as a result of a car accident or fall. They’re potentially deadly and may require surgery to remove the blood clot.

Treatment options for Severe Brain Injuries

TBI TreatmentWhen you have a concussion, your doctor will tell you to go home and rest. If you start vomiting or lose consciousness, then you should come back in.

So, what should you expect if you have a serious brain injury? You may be prescribed the following treatments:

  • Rest. All types of brain trauma heal better when you rest. Avoid normal activities like working on a computer and concentrating hard. Your brain may need several breaks throughout the day as well.
  • Surgery. In some cases, surgery helps reduce damage to the brain immediately after the trauma has occurred. When there’s bleeding in the brain (hematoma), doctors will remove blood clots or pools of blood to relieve pressure. If the skull is fractured, pieces of the skull may be removed surgically.
  • Rehabilitation. Rehabilitation therapy helps people with TBI recover skills and functions they lost as a result of their injury. This treatment may include therapy for cognitive, physical, and emotional difficulties.
  • Medications. Your doctor may prescribe medications to help you cope with common TBI symptoms, from anti-anxiety medications to stimulants.

Why Choose Shannon Law Group?

Experience with Results

There's one thing you should know about us: We only take cases worthy of being tried in front of a jury. Because of this, we have the time, knowledge, and experience to go above and beyond for you - unlike other personal injury attorneys who have hundreds or thousands of cases. Our expert team will go out of their way to make sure you and your family are in the best position possible in the eyes of the law.

What's more, we have an inside scoop on the insurance industry. Before he represented injured people, lead attorney Joe Shannon represented corporations and their insurers. He sat on the other side of the table, so he knows what the defendant's insurance company will offer and what they won't offer. Since founding Shannon Law Group, Joe secured the largest verdict in Will County history and achieved other multi-figure settlements and verdicts in Illinois. 

As our satisfied clients can attest, we come through for them when they need it most. We take our responsibility to our clients seriously. We'll examine every angle of your case, and we promise to go the extra mile to get the compensation you deserve--not what the insurance company thinks your claim is worth.   

One-of-a-Kind Representation

Free Consultation Shannon Law GroupWhen you hire us to represent you after a brain injury, you're helping yourself and your family. Why? Because our job is to bear the burden of dealing with insurance companies and their lawyers. Our traumatic brain injury attorneys take those stressors off your shoulders, so you don't have to worry about them anymore.

We also understand the case isn't about us--it's about you. At Shannon Law Group, our top priority is to help you move forward toward a successful and secure future. Our Chicago attorneys will always put your interests first.

You will never be treated like a transaction or a case at our law firm. When your case has resolved, our relationship doesn't end the moment we hand you a check. We'll stay in touch with you.

Keeping You in the Loop

We will always keep you updated on your TBI lawsuit. 

We'll make sure to return your call within 24 hours if you leave a message. If you have a question about your case, you will speak with the lawyer handling your case. No question is too big or too small for us.

If you have a TBI due to someone else's negligence, our personal injury attorneys may be able to help. To get started, schedule your free consultation. Call us today at (312) 578-9501 or fill out the form at the bottom of this page.

I was in an automobile accident. The attorneys and staff at Shannon Law Group, PC were really great. They communicated with me on a regular basis, they explained in detail what could and would happen, and they made sure I was their first priority. I could not have asked for better guidance. I would recommend this firm to any and all who need a personal injury attorney.
Lynne Passarella
Lynne Passarella
21:45 01 Mar 21
The Shannon Law Group has been an absolute pleasure to work with. They are always quick to respond to any question I might have and explain the process every step of the way. Highly recommend!
John McFarland
John McFarland
01:56 18 Jan 21
Always fair always looking out for their clients, I will trust anyone at this firm with any issues I had that they could handle. I feel they are the best of the best!
John Wagner
John Wagner
02:42 14 Jan 21
If anyone needs a Professional Lawyer, please call Shannon Law Group, PC. These guys get the job done. They are all very nice and are always there for you. They work hard for you , and explain everything to your understanding. They treat me like I am part of there family. So all my fb friends and their families should you need help with anything, I advise you to call or email them. He will also give you his cellphone number/ you will be able to text them also. You won't be disappointed.
patricia richardson
patricia richardson
20:16 13 Jan 21
Shannon law group is an extremely professional and amazing team of people! They are always genuine kind and generous. They always give 100% and my personal experiences have been nothing but the best. If ever in need of a law team Shannon Law group is the way to go!
Aidan WW
Aidan WW
20:07 13 Jan 21
I’ve had great experiences working with Brittany at Shannon Law Group. Her compassion, communication, and professionalism are just what you would expect from a great law firm. If you’re hurt in the Chicago area, I highly recommend you call Shannon Law Group.
Dan Reo
Dan Reo
21:45 28 May 20
I used Shannon Law Group to help me with a legal name change. I worked with attorney Pat Cummings who represented me in DuPage County courthouse for the procedure. I am very pleased that they filed my case very quickly, and we got in front of the judge and the case went flawlessly, and my request was granted (just before the courthouse shut down). I can't say enough that the whole process went very well and very fast and was handled most professionally by everyone I spoke to in the law firm staff. Great work, thank you!
michael krzywosz
michael krzywosz
01:09 25 Apr 20
My wife is represented by Shannon Law Group. In my opinion, Jack Cannon is one of the best attorneys in the business. He is very knowledgeable, communicates well and extremely helpful. Jack cares about his clients. He completely explains the situation with relevancy and clarity in this challenging time. Jack stays in contact with updates even on weekends. I feel the Shannon Law Group puts their clients first and fights hard with their best interest in mind. I have recommended Jack to several people who are also very pleased. Jack Cannon and Shannon Law Group get the job done.
Rodney Mikesell
Rodney Mikesell
00:26 19 Mar 20
I have had the good fortune of getting to know Joe Shannon through our involvement in a law firm owner group. In short, with Joe, what you see is what you get. Joe's word is his bond. He has an unwavering commitment to his faith, his family and his friends. Why is that relevant to someone looking for the right attorney? Because, at the end of the day, the attorney-client relationship is about trust and commitment. With Joe and his firm, you get both, in spades.
Paul Odegaard
Paul Odegaard
15:56 16 Mar 20
After doing many phone interviews to decide on an attorney to represent me, Jack Cannon was by far an easy choice. Easy to talk to, professional, respectful, knowledgeable and able to answer all my questions. He promptly returns my phone calls. I'm very thankful to have him representing me.
vickie clark
vickie clark
17:10 04 Mar 20
Joseph Shannon is not only an amazing attorney, but a kind and caring person as well. He took the time to explain everything related to my case and was always willing to answer questions or provide clarification. From our very first meeting, it was clear my interests were his first priority, and he established a great working relationship based on security and trust. I highly recommend Joseph Shannon and Shannon Law Group to anyone in need of a personal injury lawyer.
India Gordon
India Gordon
20:11 20 Feb 20
Joe is a superb attorney but even better person. In my opinion, the most important considerations in an attorney-client relationship are trust and reliability. There is no attorney I trust more to provide a careful, thorough analysis of a legal matter and then offer thoughtful recommendations that consider the “big picture” and focus on my best interests. He is a pillar of the local community as a lawyer, philanthropist and father and is widely respected as a straight shooter who vigorously represents his clients while maintaining his civility.
Jeff Mote
Jeff Mote
15:22 19 Feb 20
I worked with Joe Shannon for 15 years and we have maintained the friendship for another 15 years since then and I can unequivocally say he is a man of the highest integrity. He is "real", easy to talk to and sincerely interested in what you have to say. The phrase I think of most often when I remember him is that he feels "he is living the dream". This humble expression applies not only to his passion for his law firm and clients, but also his passion and loyalty to his family and his faith. He is the real deal.
Barbara Gyarmathy
Barbara Gyarmathy
13:24 18 Feb 20
Very friendly, and helpful! Even though you're not in my state, you answered my questions quickly and were honest. Then you followed up with an e-mail and gave me some help and referrals which was very helpful. May GOD continue to BLESS you and ALL of your staff.
Kim Harvey
Kim Harvey
13:14 18 Feb 20
Joe will always give your case an honest and through review. He tells it like it is and is one the greatest advocates I have ever worked with. As a practicing attorney for over 25 years that does not take on personal injury matters, I refer all my friends to Joe without hesitation!
Charles Rego
Charles Rego
13:06 18 Feb 20
Honesty, integrity, tenacity. These professionals responded to my needs in a prompt and compassionate matter. I am fortunate to have yoked up with these down-to-earth people who strive to make their clients feel like they are valued and heard. I recommend them highly.
Patsy Shannon
Patsy Shannon
00:27 18 Feb 20
Joe Shannon's firm is of the highest professional stature. Joe and his firm have endured the test of time as an elite Chicago personal injury law firm. Probably Shannon Law Group's biggest strength is their dedicated commitment to their clients' causes and pursuit of the best possible results.Daniel W. Sherman, Attorney At LawDaniel W Sherman PCValparaiso, IN 46385 (licensed in IL and IN)
Dan Sherman
Dan Sherman
20:52 17 Feb 20
Joe Shannon’s firm worked hard to help our family. Everyone is genuine and sincere with our concerns and questions. I HIGHLY recommend!
Erin Koenig
Erin Koenig
15:52 25 Nov 19
Compassionate listeners Joe Shannon and Patrick Cummings helped our family out when my daughter was injured in a car accident. They understand the the long term health consequences that your child may face and they seek fair and maximum compensation. They handled the insurance company for us and in return we are truly GRATEFUL for everything they did on our behalf!
Susan Jennings
Susan Jennings
19:02 18 Nov 19
Patrick Cummings and Shannon Law Group represented our daughter in an employment contract dispute. Our daughter was so frustrated, and Patrick immediately reassured her that the law was on her side despite what her employer told her. Patrick was able to get her back pay that added up to more than 10% of her annual salary. He did this professionally, respectfully and quickly. In a way that allowed her to continue in a job she loves with out creating unnecessary tension. It is fortunate that Patrick can practice in Wisconsin. We are very grateful Pat was able to help our daughter.
Regina Cummings
Regina Cummings
19:16 20 Oct 19
The whole team of Shannon Law Group were great throughout my entire case. Each member diligently did their part and kept me thoroughly informed with what was going on. Each member was always willing to answer my questions anytime of the day. At the end, the Shannon Law Group helped me come out on top. Thank you Shannon Law Group for all of your hard work.
Michael Heatherly Ii
Michael Heatherly Ii
21:40 10 Oct 19
I was involved in a car accident earlier this year and Shannon Law Group assisted me through every step of the process. This team educated me on my options and offered me agency after a stressful life event. I really appreciate the urgency in which these lawyers handled my case. I felt my case was prioritized by Shannon Law Group from the start to the resolution. I would highly recommend their services to anyone!
Maureen Cummings
Maureen Cummings
20:56 10 Oct 19
They never stopped fighting for me until they won my case! My family is so grateful!
Erin Huls
Erin Huls
18:22 16 Jul 19
I have worked with the Shannon Law Group for years. The firm is based on integrity and being available. They will give you honest and expert feedback and always take calls or get back to you right away. They are super friendly to work with and do a great job.
Robert Nell
Robert Nell
14:35 30 May 18
I've known Joe Shannon personally and professionally for 20 years and have referred friends and family members to him. He is intelligent, strategic, personable and a person of great integrity. I highly recommend Joe Shannon and his team.
Julie Carballo
Julie Carballo
15:36 24 Feb 18
I was involved in a head on collision with a wrong way driver. My car was totaled and my life was saved by safety restraints. Much to my surprise, my insurance company failed to properly represent me and I engaged Joe Shannon's services to recover my losses. Joe resolved the matter in a quick and cost effective manner. I have since referred a number of other individuals to the practice and they have all had very positive experiences and outcomes with Joe's firm. Joe is also very active in supporting the local community. I would recommend him without hesitation.
Daniel McMullen
Daniel McMullen
21:18 22 Feb 18
I had an excellent experience with the Shannon Law Group. Joe Shannon is a man of high integrity and compassion. When I contacted Joe, he quickly got back to me. He provided great legal advice and support during the case. I highly recommend the Shannon Law Group!
Laura Freeman
Laura Freeman
20:28 18 Feb 18
The Shannon Law Group should be your 1st choice for an attorney to represent you.They have the resources to help you in your dispute with Insurance CompaniesThe Shannon Group will even the playing field.They get Results ! Take it from meA very satisfied client Highly Recommended
Anthony Aceto
Anthony Aceto
15:34 17 Feb 18
Joe Shannon is an incredible lawyer backed by an amazing team. I referred a family to him and have been amazed at how his team has helped them when no other lawyers would. He isn't afraid of the tough cases - he knows how to win them. He works more than hard for his clients. He and his team build innovative strategies and execute with integrity and courage. Their approach brings results for their clients that most firms could never get. They care. They will fight for you. They are the people you want in your corner during what may be one of the most difficult challenges you face.
Sarah-Eva Marchese
Sarah-Eva Marchese
04:34 25 Jan 18